Music Autoethnographies: Making autoethnography sing/Making music personal
In a future study, trustworthiness could be enhanced by a semi-structured guide for narratives as well as interviews. Finally, cultural perspectives of the study are briefly addressed, and ideas for future research are outlined. Laiho also suggests that music can function as a substitute for relationships.
- Music Autoethnographies: Making autoethnography sing/Making music personal!
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- Music autoethnographies: Making autoethnography sing/Making music personal;
- ציטוטים ביביליוגרפיים כפולים.
During my analysis I have been moved by the intensity and depth of the unique experiences, but I have also been constantly reminded of functions, roles and potentials of health musicking in the literature. Although this is not a conclusive statement, it could be an interesting focus for future research. The three Health and Wellbeing themes that were identified in the thematic analysis of Aalborg university students were: energy and vitality, emotional catharsis, physical and emotional healing.
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Similar themes can be found in several of the studies included in the Music, Health and Wellbeing anthology MacDonald et al. In my own contribution to the anthology Bonde I analyzed health themes in musical autobiographies written by Danish music therapy students enrolled in the Aalborg MT Masters program. Common sub-themes are presented in bold. The rest of the sub-themes were only present in data from the Danish student sample.
Table 6 A cross-comparison of health themes identified in narratives from a students, b researchers. As illustrated in table 6, most of the themes and subthemes were present in both data samples. Some of the differences may be related to the simple fact that the researchers probably have more life experience and a more firmly established personal identity than many of the students, who are in their twenties or thirties. Some themes that are presented as important for the students in their ongoing identity construction, for example "music as as confirmation and validation of values" and "music as a free space", are so self-evident that they are not even mentioned by the professionals.
There is no reason to think that the music researchers in this study do not use music for relaxation, however, this was not a major theme in the narratives. And as I Iistened to her, I calmed down. It was like the music was a tranquilizer. When I came home, I felt, in a strange way, totally relaxed and exhausted at the same time. And surprised.
Even amazed. It was hard to return to normal daily activities. Both male and female researchers and students have contributed with narratives; however, the study has not revealed any substantial differences related to gender. The music therapy students tended to describe music as a pathway to religious or spiritual experiences more often than the researchers. This may be related to the academic socialization of the researchers — or to the fact that Danish and especially Norwegian music therapy students often enter the training program with a religious background and a firm Christian faith that influences their experience and understanding of the power of music.
The hymns came from working-class Christian converts in the mining towns of the North West and North Wales. The study was not planned as a true pilot study, but rather as a small exploratory study of a unique, auto-ethnographic data material, limited to the context of the anthology and the conference where it inspired me to consider that a more comprehensive and carefully planned qualitative study of processes of experience and transformation, including the influence of culture and gender, could be conducted in collaboration between Centre for Music and Health and Music Therapy AAU.
Methodologically, a larger study should be based on a combination of free-formed narratives and semi-structured interviews with informants. Personal recollections and reflections in free form give depth and width to the narratives, while an interview guide could secure that most areas of interest were covered with each participant, also if they were not present in the narrative. In order to expand the cultural dimension of the study, I would concentrate on music therapy professionals and students and invite both male and female researchers from different cultures to participate.
The first set of data would be a personal narrative written after guidelines to optimize trustworthiness and comparability; the second would be in-depth interviews with the participants that would later be analyzed according to the principles of Grounded Theory. All three Health and wellbeing-themes and most of the subthemes were identified in both studies, indicating that there are more similarities than differences between the two groups of informants.
In other words, there may be a special intensity or depth in some of the experiences recalled by the researchers, but no special trends or themes are identified in their narratives. The 4 editors and 2 authors participated in a round table with the same title as the anthology: Musical life stories. Narratives on health musicking. Data are collected, and results will be reported Ansdell, G. Bonde, E. Ruud, M. Trondalen Eds.
Narratives on Health Musicking pp. Balsnes, A. PhD Dissertation. Bonde , Musikk, helse, identitet. Skritserie fra Senter for musikk og helse vol. Bartlett, B. Brisbane: Australian Academic Press. Bonde, L. Health music k ing - Music therapy or Music and health? Music and Arts in Action, 3 2 Special issue: Health promotion and wellness , The musical identities of Danish music therapy students: A study based on musical autobiographies.
Narratives on health musicking pp. Musical life stories. Braun, V. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology 3 , Clift, S. Singing, wellbeing, and health. MacDonald, G. Mitchell Eds.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. Denzin, N. The Sage handbook of qualitative research. Gabrielsson, A. Journal of Aging, Humanities and Arts , 2 1 , 41—7. Qualitative Inquiry , 16 4 , —8. Qualitative Inquiry , 23 4 , — Manovski, M. Rotterdam: Sense. Spry, T. Wiley, C.
Doing Autoethnography | SpringerLink
In: I. Kinchin and N. Winstone eds. Pedagogic Frailty and Resilience in the University. Rotterdam: Sense, pp. Action, Criticism, and Theory for Music Education , 18 2 , 73— Williams, B. Acosta, S. Action Research , 0 0 , 1— Anderson, L. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography , 35 4 , — Austin, J.
Communication Education , 49 3 , —8. Belbase, S. Journal of Education and Research , 1 1 , 86— Bickel, B. Bochner, A. Chang, H. Denzin, N. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Dyson, M. Australian Journal of Teacher Education , 32 1 , 36— In this definitive reference volume, almost fifty leading thinkers and practitioners of autoethnographic research—from four continents and a dozen disciplines—comprehensively cover its vision, opportunities and challenges.
Chapters address the theory, history, and ethics of autoethnographic practice, representational and writing issues, the personal and relational concerns of the autoethnographer, and the link between researcher and social justice. A set of 13 exemplars show the use of these principles in action. Autoethnography is one of the most popularly practiced forms of qualitative research over the past 20 years, and this volume captures all its essential elements for graduate students and practicing researchers.